Typus Orbis Terrarum

Method Copper engraved
Artist Goos, Abraham
Published [Jan Jansson, Amsterdam, c.1631]
Dimensions 146 x 202 mm
Notes A superb example of Abraham Goos' miniature map of the world in two hemispheres, engraved for the 1631 German printing of Jan Jansson's new edition of the Mercator-Hondius Atlas Minor. The plate was commissioned by Jansson in 1628 to replace the earlier example by his father in law, Jodocus Hondius. Although following the same layout, with the Old and New World divided neatly between the hemispheres, the Goos world map is engraved in far more detail, with more place names and territorial divisions, and differs most notably from the earlier example by having an insular rather than peninsular California. The American coast above California is left almost completely blank, though a pair of lightly engraved lines suggests the putative Straits of Anian. Unlike the Hondius map, the coastline of Terra Australis is also much less defined, and now shown as unconnected to New Guinea. The spaces surrounding the hemispheres are, like the earlier example, elaborately decorated with ornate strap-work, though the Hebrew panel with the name of 'Jehovah' is here replaced with an armillary sphere, which is balanced below by a decorative compass. The plate is completed by the inclusion of the four elements in each corner, and a boxed inscription below, replacing the former passage from Psalm 23 about the abundance of the world.

Abraham Goos (c.1590-1643) was a Flemish map-maker, engraver, and publisher. Although born in Antwerp, much of his career was spent in Amsterdam, where he worked as a map engraver for his uncle Pieter van den Keere, his cousin Jodocus Hondius, and his second-cousin Jan Jansson. He is best remembered for his work on Jansson's continuations of the Mercator-Hondius Atlas Minor and for his many terrestrial and celestial globes. His son, Pieter, followed in the family business and is celebrated for his Atlas ofte Water-Weereld, the greatest maritime atlas since Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer's Thresoor der Zeevaert.

Johannes Janssonius (1588 - 1664) was a famed cartographer and print publisher. More commonly known as Jan Jansson, he was born in Arnhem where his father, Jan Janszoon the Elder, was a bookseller and publisher. In 1612 he married the daughter of the cartographer and publisher Jodocus Hondius, and then set up in business in Amsterdam as a book publisher. In 1616 he published his first maps of France and Italy and from then onwards, produced a very large number of maps which went some way to rival those of the Blaeu family, who held a virtual monopoly over the industry. From about 1630 to 1638 he was in partnership with his brother-in-law, Henricus Hondius, issuing further editions of the Mercator/Hondius atlases to which his name was added. On the death of Hondius he took over the business, expanding the atlas still further, until eventually he published an eleven volume Atlas Major on a scale similar to Johannes Blaeu's magnum opus. After Jansson's death, his heirs published a number of maps in the Atlas Contractus of 1666, and, later still, many of the plates of his British maps were acquired by Pieter Schenk and Gerard Valck, who published them again in 1683 as separate maps.

Shirley 325 v/ix

Condition: Strong clean impression. German gothic letterpress title and pagination notes above and below plate. German text on verso.
Framing unmounted
Price £900.00
Stock ID 43603

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