|Method||Lithograph with hand colouring|
|Artist||Jacob Roux after Friederich Tiedemann|
|Published||Karlsruhe, Officina Christiani Frederici Müller, Typograph, Lithographi et Bibliopolae Aul. 1822|
|Dimensions||Image 585 x 460 mm, Sheet 650 x 525 mm|
Plate 5 from Friedrich Tiedemann's Tabulae Arteriarum Corporis Humani or Illustrations of the arteries of the human body published in 1822.
Friederich Tiedemann (1781 - 1861) was a German anatomist and physiologist. Born in Cassel, Tiedemann worked at Heidelberg University as the professor of anatomy and physiology where he specialised in the anatomy of the brain. He was elected member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1827, and in 1836, he was elected Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Tiedemann was one of the first anatomists to scientifically contest racism. In his article entitled "On the Brain of the Negro, compared with that of the European and the Orang-outang" published in 1836, he argued based on craniometric and brain measures taken by him from Europeans and black men from different parts of the world that the then common European belief that black people have smaller brains and are thus intellectually inferior is scientifically unfounded and based merely on the prejudice of explorers.
Jacob Wilhelm Christian Roux (1775 - 1831) was a German painter, draughtsman, and engraver.
Condition: Toning to sheet edges. Staining to top left corner. Comes with accompanying key plate.