|Method||Copper engraving with hand colouring|
|Published||[London, c. 1695]|
|Dimensions||Image 215 x 186 mm, Plate 224 x 193 mm, Sheet 380 x 234 mm|
A engraving of Stonehenge from the Gibson edition of William Camden's translated "Britain: Or a Chorographical Description of the Most Flourishing Kingdoms, England, Scotland and Ireland and the Lands Adjoining Out of the Depth of Antiquity, Beautified with Mappes of the Several Shires of England".
Inscription to bottom centre:
A The Stones call'd Corsstones, 12 Tonn Weight, 24 foot high, 7 broad, and 16 round
B The Stones call'd Coronetts, of 6 or 7 Tonns
C The place where Men's bones are dug up.
William Camden (1551-1623) was a historian and antiquary whose works were reprinted and published over a period of 200 years. The original Latin text was first translated by Gibson in 1695. Morden was employed to replace the outdated maps by Saxton, engraved by Kip and Hole. He based his maps on manuscript sources plus the surveys of Ogilby and Morgan, Seller, Palmer and the coastal charts of Cpt. Greenville Collins. One of his original contributions to cartography was the showing of longitudes measured from the meridian of St. Paul's Cathedral given in the form of time in minutes at the top of the map in Roman numerals and at the bottom in degrees. This was done to clarify local times that were taken from the sun as there was no national standard time.
Johannes Kip (1653-1722) was a draughtsman and engraver, beginning his career in his native Amsterdam before moving to London at the end of the seventeenth century. He produced portraits, topographical views, and book illustrations, with his most important work being a series of attractive and informative bird's-eye views of English country seats. Kip originally collaborated on this project with fellow Dutch artist, Leonard Knyff, with Knyff creating the drawings, and Kip the etchings. As the project developed, however, Kip created his own drawings and etchings.
Condition: Full sheet. English text below image and on verso.