|Artist||James Kellaway Colling|
|Published||James K. Colling del. & lith. Day & Haghe Lithrs. to the Queen. Published by George Bell, Fleet Street, March 1844.|
|Dimensions||455 x 320 mm|
A characterful folding chart depicting the development of old world architectural styles, by the illustrator and architect James Kellaway Colling. The chart spans a period of 3500 years, dividing the last three millenia into eight different eras or styles. In the top right corner, stylised examples of Egyptian architecture are shown. These are followed by prehistoric monuments representing 'Celtic and Cyclopean' architecture including Stonehenge, Tiryns, and Avebury. The third style is Indian, and includes what Barrington concluded were the earliest examples of the arch. At centre are Greek and Roman architecture, represented by the Parthenon and Trajan's Arch at Benevento. The primacy of classical architecture is emphasised by a pair of illustrations showing the five orders of classical architecture. The final register of the chart contains examples of medieval architecture. Byzantine and Romanesque styles include the Church of St Cyriac in Ancona and Worms Cathedral, Gothic is represented by Rouen Cathedral, and two Florentine palazzi demonstrate the Italian style. The whole is enclosed in a decorative border printed in red, with an ornate blackletter title along the top.
James Kellaway Colling (1816-1905) was a British designer, illustrator, architect, and pioneer of chromolithographic printing. His interest in half-timbered buildings, and the preservation of Britain's ancient churches, was echoed by his more famous contemporaries John Ruskin and William Morris.
George Bell (1814-1890) was a British printer and publisher, and the founder of George Bell & Sons.
Day & Haghe were one of the most prominent lithographic companies of the nineteenth-century. They were also amongst the foremost pioneers in the evolution of chromolithography. The firm was established in 1823 by William Day, but did not trade under the moniker of Day & Haghe until the arrival of Louis Haghe in 1831. In 1838, Day & Haghe were appointed as Lithographers to the Queen. However, and perhaps owing to the fact that there was never a formal partnership between the two, Haghe left the firm in the 1850's to devote himself to watercolour painting. The firm continued as Day & Son under the guidance of William Day the younger (1823-1906) but, as a result of a scandal involving Lajos Kossuth, was forced into liquidation in 1867. Vincent Brookes bought the company in the same year, and would produce the caricatures for Gibson Bowles' Vanity Fair magazine, as well as the illustrations for Cassells's Poultry Book, amongst other commissions.
Condition: Sectioned and laid to linen as issued. Minor uniform time toning to chart. Minor wear to linen folds. Detached from original brown and gilt cover.