|Image160 x 95 mm
King Richard II (1367-1400), Reigned 1377-99
The son of Edward (the Black Prince) and grandson of Edward III , Richard succeeded to the throne in 1377 under the regency of his uncle John of Gaunt. Misrule, the rapid spread of plague and war with France resulted in the Peasant's Revolt of 1381. After this early crisis, Richard's reign was predominantly coloured by bitter fighting with the nobility, culminating in a royal campaign of arrest, execution and property confiscation in 1398. Gaunt's son, the banished noble Henry Bolingbroke (later Henry IV), invaded England the following year and with popular support forced the king to abdicate. Richard was imprisoned and probably murdered at Pontefract Castle, Yorkshire.