|Artist||Hendrik Hondius I after Anthony van Dyck|
|Dimensions||Image 230 x 203 mm, Sheet 265 x 206 mm|
A half length portrait of Princess Mary, the daughter of King Charles I.
Princess Mary, Princess Royal, Princess of Orange and Countess of Nassau (4 November 1631 – 24 December 1660) was the eldest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland, and Ireland and his Queen, Henrietta Maria. She was the wife of William II, Prince of Orange and Count of Nassau (27 May 1626–6 November 1650) and the mother of King William III of England and Ireland, II of Scotland (14 November 1650–8 May 1702). Mary Stuart or Mary of Orange, as she was also known, was the first daughter of a British Sovereign to hold the title Princess Royal.
Hendricus Hondius or Hendrik Hondius I (1573-1650) was part of a Dutch family of printmakers from Flemish descent, and was active as an engraver, etcher and draftsman in The Hague. He travelled to work in Amsterdam and Leiden around from 1603 to 1605, but then settled permanently in The Hague, in his "Buitenhof Ten Huyse". He had a cousin with the same name, active in Amsterdam, and the distinction between the two is made by naming the first one Hendrik Hondius I and the cousin Hendrik Hondius II (c. 1597-1644), which often leads to confusion in literature about them having a father-son relationship.
Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641) was a Flemish painter. A pupil of Rubens, Van Dyck worked in Italy from 1621-26, and then from 1632 onwards he predominantly painted in England, where he was knighted by Charles I.
O'Donoghue 1908-25 15, New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 229 (Hondius), New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 477c (Van Dyck)
Condition: Trimmed within plate and tipped to album page, minor tear to bottom left corner, ink stain to top right corner, toning to sheet.