|Artist||A. Weger after Angelica Kauffmann|
|Published||A. Weger in Leipzig [c.1880]|
|Dimensions||Image 152 x 117 mm, Plate 220 x 170 mm, Sheet 288 x 225 mm|
A quarter length portrait of Anna Amalia, after a painting by her intimate friend Angelica Kauffmann. Anna Amalia is seated and turned to the right, softly gazing at the viewer. She is wearing a loose dress, embellished with pearls and a belt, and a shawl on top of her loosely done up hair. Her left hand is resting on a book, and behind her a scroll, bust of the goddess Minerva on a pedestal, and the Colosseum are depicted in the background.
Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel (1739-1807) was the daughter of Karl I, the Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel and Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia. She was intelligent and dedicated to the arts from a young age. She married Ernst August II Konstantin, the Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in 1756, but was left a widow with two children after only two years of marriage. She became a regent for her infant son Karl August until he came of age in 1775. She was an astute ruler, overcoming challenges of the Seven Year's War, and transformed her court into a centre for culture, often called "The Court of the Muses" and was even a composer in her own right. After she had passed the rule to her son, she completely dedicated herself to the arts, and travelled Italy with her friend Goethe, and became close to Angelica Kauffmann.
The Swiss born Angelica Kauffmann (1741-1807) was an artist of international training and reputation. She was escorted by her artist-father to study the Old Masters in the major Italian cities. Time spent with the English community in Rome convinced her to come to London in 1766 where she joined Sir Joshua Reynolds's social circle. Her reputation for portraiture and history painting led to her becoming a founder member of the Royal Academy