|Artist||Frisius, Gemma after Apianus, Petrus|
|Published||Antverpiae, ex Officina Ionnis VVithagij. Anno 1584. [Antwerp, 1584]|
|Dimensions||230 x 155 mm|
A small map of the Old World surrounded by windheads, from the 1584 Latin printing of Gemma Frisius' edition of Peter Apian's landmark Cosmographicus liber. The globe is oriented with south to top, and the continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa labelled. Three trading cities, Venice, Porto, and Kolkata, are also labelled. In the spaces around the globe twelve windheads blow, with the deadly southern winds depicted as grinning skulls.
Jemme Reinerszoon, known under his Latin nom de plume Gemma Frisius (1508-1555), was a Frisian cartographer, astronomer, physician, and mathematical and scientific instrument maker. Among his students were some of the most important scientific minds of the age, including Mercator, John Dee, and Vesalius.
Petrus Apianus, born Peter Bienewitz (1495-1552), was a German cartographer, astronomer, and humanist scholar, best known for his two seminal astronomical works, the influential and much reprinted Cosmographicus liber (1524) and the lavishly decorated Astronomicum Caesareum (1540). The former brought its author into the orbit of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, who appointed him Court Mathematician and made him both a Free Imperial Knight and a Count Palatine.
Condition: Time toning and minor foxing to sheet, especially along edges. Minor printers creases to margins. Latin text on verso.