Comitatus Northumbria, Vernacule Northumberland

Method Copper engraved with hand colour
Artist Blaeu, Johannes
Published Joh: Blaeu Exc. [Amsterdam, c.1645]
Dimensions 410 x 495 mm
Notes Johannes Blaeu's map of Northumberland, from a German edition of the Blaeu Atlas Major. The borders of the county, as well as adjoining parts of Scotland, Cumbria, and County Durham, are outlined in hand colour, and principal locations, including Newcastle, Carlisle, and Alnwick are picked out in red. Rivers, hills, and forests are showed pictorially, and the path of Hadrian's Wall, here erroneously called the 'Pictes Wall' is illustrated as a crenellated red line. The map is further ornamented by a pair of sailing ships in the German Ocean, a bank of crests including the royal arms, and a pair of cartouches. One, containing the title, is held aloft by cherubs, while the other contains a scale in English and German miles

Willem Blaeu (1571-1638) founded the family business in 1596. It initially functioned as a globe and instrument makers, but soon expanded into maps, topography and sea charts. The acquisition of thirty-eight copper plates from the estate of Jodocus Hondius in 162 together with twenty-two of his own maps enabled Blaeu to produce his first atlas, the 'Atlas Appendix' in 1630. The Atlas Novus was Willems great work; a major work which intended to include the most up-to-date maps of the entire world. He issued the first two volumes in 1635, but died in 1638 before the atlas was completed. The running of the business was passed on to his sons Johannes (c.1596-1673) and Cornelius, in addition to the role of the official cartographer of the East India Company. After the death of Cornelius in 1644, Johannes continued the business alone and established his own reputation as a great mapmaker. Johannes completed his father's grand project, culminating in 1658 in the production of the famous 'Atlas Major', regarded as one of the greatest achievements in the history of cartography. The county maps of England and Wales formed volume four of Blaeu's great atlas, this volume being first published in 1645 and re-issued without any alterations in 1662 as the fifth volume instead of the fourth.

The Blaeu family were one of the most famous publishers of maps, globes and atlases during the seventeenth-century. Cartographers, globe makers and booksellers, the Blaeu business flourished in Amsterdam for over 40 years, until a fire destroyed their premises in 1672. They lost all of their plates, prints and stock, which effectively ruined the firm.

Condition: German text on verso. Vertical fold as issued. Minor creasing and time toning to edges of sheet.
Framing unmounted
Price £400.00
Stock ID 46880