Method Lithograph with tint stone
Artist after David Roberts
Published London, Published August 1st. 1855, by Day & Son, 17, Gate Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields
Dimensions Image 144 x 210 mm, Sheet 205 x 285 mm
Notes Plate 26 from Volume 1 of the small format reprint of Roberts' The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia. A view of the Calvary Altar in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, within the Christian Quarter of the Old City in Jerusalem. The Church, one of the most holy sites of Christendom, purports to enclose the sites of Christ's crucifixion, burial, and resurrection. Shared equally between the Byzantine, Latin, Alexandrian, Armenian, and East Syrian Rite, the current Church is the result of almost two millennia of constant use and enlargement. The original church, built by St Helena, mother of Constantine, was constructed on the site following the removal of the pagan Temple of Venus built there by order of the Emperor Hadrian during his enlargement of Roman Jerusalem, Aelia Capitolina. The city's tumultuous history has seen the church fall under the influence of many different religious orders. Since 1767, the Church has been divided evenly between the Roman Catholic and Oriental Orthodox churches. The Calvary Altar stands on the traditional site of Golgotha, the place of Christ's crucifixion. The site, once a small hill built over by the Roman Temple of Venus, was identified by St Helena and incorporated into the basilica that Constantine built there. Beneath the altar of the Chapel of the Crucifixion is the rock of Calvary, a major object of Christian pilgrimage. Roberts' view shows the altar within the wide-vaulted chapel. Roman Catholic clergy are gathered in prayer before the altar, and a veiled woman sits on the steps close to the rock. Behind the altar, the chapel is decorated with a large scene of the crucifixion and numerous ornate lamps hang from the vaulting.

David Roberts RA (24th October 1796 – 25th November 1864) was a Scottish painter. He is especially known for a prolific series of detailed prints of Egypt and the Near East produced during the 1840s from sketches made during long tours of the region (1838-1840). This work, and his large oil paintings of similar subjects, made him a prominent Orientalist painter. He was elected as a Royal Academician in 1841.

The firm of Day & Haghe was one of the most prominent lithographic companies of the nineteenth-century. They were also amongst the foremost pioneers in the evolution of chromolithography. The firm was established in 1823 by William Day, but did not trade under the moniker of Day & Haghe until the arrival of Louis Haghe in 1831. In 1838, Day & Haghe were appointed as Lithographers to the Queen. However, and perhaps owing to the fact that there was never a formal partnership between the two, Haghe left the firm in the 1850's to devote himself to watercolour painting. The firm continued as Day & Son under the guidance of William Day the younger (1823 - 1906) but, as a result of a scandal involving Lajos Kossuth, was forced into liquidation in 1867. Vincent Brookes bought the company in the same year, and would produce the caricatures for Gibson Bowles' Vanity Fair magazine, as well as the illustrations for Cassells's Poultry Book, amongst other commissions.

Condition: Light foxing to margins, not affecting image.
Framing unmounted
Price £30.00
Stock ID 39341