|Published||Publish'd as the Act directs by Jane Hogarth at the Golden-head Leicester Fields 1st May 1781. [J & J Boydell c.1802]|
|Dimensions||Image 95 x 149 mm, Plate 101 x 151 mm, Sheet 170 x 475 mm|
A view of the House of the physician, John Ranby (1703 - 1773), executed in c. 1750, though not intended for publication. Ranby was Sergeant-Surgeon to George II, and was physician to Queen Caroline, Robert Walpole, and Henry Fielding. Hogarth and Ranby became neighbours following Hogarth's move to Chiswick in 1749, though if Ranby was one of Hogarth's models for the Rake, it is likely that their friendship began before this point. Paulson comments that although Rembrandt's small landscapes were very much in fashion at the time, this view owes more to Hollar's etchings than it does the former.
William Hogarth (1697 - 1764) was born in London, the son of an unsuccessful schoolmaster and writer from Westmoreland. After apprenticeship to a goldsmith, he began to produce his own engraved designs in about 1710. He later took up oil painting, starting with small portrait groups called conversation pieces. He went on to create a series of paintings satirising contemporary customs, but based on earlier Italian prints, of which the first was The Harlot's Progress (1731), and perhaps the most famous The Rake's Progress. His engravings were so plagiarised that he lobbied for the Copyright Act of 1735, commonly referred to as 'Hogarth's Act,' as a protection for writers and artists. During the 1730s Hogarth also developed into an original painter of life-sized portraits, and created the first of several history paintings in the grand manner.
Paulson 182 ii/ii
Condition: Excellent dark impression. Small tear to top edge of sheet, not affecting image or plate. 'S.Lay 1802' Watermark