|Artist||Giovanni Battista Piranesi|
|Published||Presso l'autore. Piranesi F. [Rome 1775]|
|Dimensions||Image 400 x 684 mm, Plate 410 x 690 mm, Sheet 485 x 745 mm|
A perspective view of the Capitoline Piazza from the side of the cordonata, from the Vedute di Roma. The principal buildings and statue groups, including the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, the trophies of Marius, the colossi of Castor and Pollux, the Palazzo Senatorio, and the Capitoline Museum, are numbered and described.
The Capitoline Hill was the ancient citadel of the Romans, and the site of the Temple of the Capitoline Triad of Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva. In the Medieval period, the Capitol became the seat of the Senate and government of the Roman commune with the building of the Palazzo dei Conservatori and the Palazzo Senatorio. In the mid-sixteenth century, the area was redeveloped along a plan devised by Michelangelo. A third building was added, the Palazzo Nuovo, and a grand staircase built. Along with the Vatican, the Capitoline Museum held the greatest collection of antique sculpture in the world, providing visiting grand tourists with a wealth of inspiration for their own antiquarian ambitions, and boosting demand not only for Piranesi's etchings, but also for the sculptural and architectural works he sold from his workshop on the Palazzo Tomati.
The Vedute di Roma was Piranesi's most popular and best known series, celebrating the churches, monuments, ruins, bridges, fountains, and public spaces of the city of Rome. The immense popularity of the series meant that they were in constant demand, and Piranesi continued to reissue and add to the series from the 1740s until his death in 1778. The Vedute were particularly popular with British grand tourists, and had a profound effect on the British neoclassical movement. Demand was such that the series was reprinted numerous times after Piranesi's death, including two Paris editions published by his sons, Francesco and Pietro.
Giovanni Battista (also Giambattista) Piranesi (1720 – 1778) was an Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome and of fictitious and atmospheric "prisons" (the Carceri d'Invenzione). He was a major Italian printmaker, architect and antiquarian. The son of a Venetian master builder, he studied architecture and stage design, through which he became familiar with Illusionism. During the 1740's, when Rome was emerging as the centre of Neoclassicism, Piranesi began his lifelong obsession with the city's architecture. He was taught to etch by Giuseppe Vasi and this became the medium for which he was best known.
Hind 39. iii/v (3rd Rome edition), Wilton-Ely 189, F747, C761.
Condition: Pressed vertical centre fold. Otherwise a good clean impression with margins.