|Artist||Hoggar, Robert Syer|
|Dimensions||1565 x 1220 mm|
The most important nineteenth-century plan of the city of Oxford, forming a link between the earlier surveys carried out by Isaac Taylor in 1751 and Richard Davis in 1797 and the large-scale maps and plans of the Ordnance Survey which surveyed Oxfordshire in 1876. Such plans, together with their smaller-scale successors that appeared in countless oxford Guide-Books, have provided the definitive basis for most of the plans, street maps and tourist guides that proliferated throughout the nineteenth century.
The map includes the new working-class suburbs of St.Ebbs, St.Thomas's and Jericho, of which the first two were blighted by the building of the gasworks in 1818 following the passing of an Act in that year which allowed for the manufacture of "inflammable air" for heating. For over a century the area suffered from the acrid smell of the gasworks plus the intermittent flooding of the houses, which doubtless contributed to the disease and pestilence so rife in the area. A complete contrast to this and possibly most interesting part of Hoggar's survey, was the beginning of the development of North Oxford, the area running from St.Giles Church to Marston Road, Frenchay Road and the Norham Gardens Estate (most of which was owned by St.John's College) where the period from 1850 to 1910 sawe enormous changes to the architectural landscape of teh area. It is interesting to note that Woodstock Road and Banbury Road are designated respectively as St.Giles Road West and St.Giles Road East, whilst the area beyond Park End Street is completely underdeveloped but indicates an area earmarked for a "Proposed Station".
Like most nineteenth-century plans the decoration is limited to a fine calligraphic title piece enhanced by a "Representation and Explanation of Levels" from which may be deduced the difference in level between any two points on the map. The immense detail includes colleges, halls and houses, bridges, rivers and parks, chapels, churches and burial grounds, hospitals and institutions, the Radclife Observatory and the Botanical Gardens. large-scale city plans of this period were separately published in small numbers and thus have a low survival rate - it is unusual to find one inn such good condition.
Full title reads: 'To the Chancellor, Master and Scholars of the University and the mayor, Aldermen, & citizens of the City of Oxford, This Plan from Actual Survey is most respectfully inscribed by Robert Syer Hoggar, Assoc. Inst. C.E. 1850'. Engraved by Thomas Jones on four sheets on a scale of 44 feet to one inch.
Clary Undescribed, Rodger Undescribed.
Condition: Engraved map on four sheets, joined and mounted on linen, edged in green silk, on original rollers. Evenly time toned, occasional light staining.