Temple of Edfou. Ancient Appolinopolis. Upper Egypt

Method Lithograph with tint stone and hand colouring
Artist Louis Haghe after David Roberts
Published London, Published by F. G. Moon, 20 Threadneedle St, March 1st, 1847
Dimensions Image 335 x 500 mm, Sheet 420 x 616 mm.
Notes A general view of the monumental gateway pylons, courtyard, and portico of the Temple of Horus at Edfu, on the west bank of the Nile. The temple complex was constructed during the Ptolemaic era to serve the important Greco-Roman cult city of Apollonopolis Magna. A combination of disuse and annual flooding by the Nile meant that by the 18th century, the temple was buried in 12 metres of sand and river silt, with only the tops of the ornate columns showing. The temple was excavated in the 1860s. Its columned facade and its flax-plant decoration inspired the architect of the Temple Works in Leeds, itself a flax mill. Robert's view depicts the temple complex in full, drawing attention to the massive scale of the entrance gateway and its reliefs of pharaonic figures smiting the enemies of Egypt. In the foreground, a small group of soldiers armed with long spears is gathered on a dune near the temple.

David Roberts RA (24 October 1796 – 25 November 1864) David Roberts' monumental works on the Middle East: The Holy Land and Egypt & Nubia, is considered the greatest lithographically illustrated works issued in the 19th century. Roberts' masterpiece was issued in 41 parts over seven years in three states; tinted, tinted proof and coloured and mounted on card. The prints were masterfully lithographed by Louis Haghe, to whom Roberts paid tribute in glowing terms, `Haghe has not only surpassed himself, but all that has hitherto been done of a similar nature. He has rendered the views in a style clear, simple and unlabored, with a masterly vigor and boldness which none but a painter like him could have transferred to stone'. Abbey regarded the work as `one of the most important and elaborate ventures of nineteenth-century publishing, and.the apotheosis of the tinted lithograph'.

David Roberts was born in Stockbridge near Edinburgh, and at the early age of 10 apprenticed to Gavin Buego, a house painter. He continued to work for Buego after his apprenticeship had been completed, carrying out work on imitation stonework and panelling at Scone Palace and Abercairney Abbey. By 1818 Roberts had become assistant scene painter at the Pantheon theatre in Edinburgh, moving on to work in theatres in Glasgow and finally in late 1821 to Drury Lane theatre in London, where he worked with Clarkson Stanfield. Both artists exhibited at the Society of British Artists, Royal Academy and British Institution, and by 1830 Roberts was firmly established as a topographical artist and was able to give up his theatre work. In these early years he toured the continent and Scotland, and in 1832-33 visited Spain.

In 1838 he made plans for his journey to the Near East, inspired by a love of artistic adventure; departing in August 1839 for Alexandria, he spent the remaining part of the year in Cairo, visiting the numerous tombs and sites. In February of the following year he set out to cross the desert for the Holy Land by way of Suez, Mount Sinai and Petra arriving in Gaza, and then on to Jerusalem, concluding his tour spending several months visiting the biblical sites of the Holy Land, and finally returning to England at the end of 1839. The drawings of his tour were submitted to F.G. Moon in 1840 who arranged to bring out a work illustrative of Scripture History, paying Roberts £ 3,000 for the copyright of the sketches, and for his labour in supervising Louis Haghe's lithography. Both the exhibition of his original watercolours and the subsequent published work were an immediate success and confirmed his reputation as an architectural and landscape artist of the highest order.

Abbey Travel 272, 34. Yesterday and Today: Egypt, Plate 49.

Condition: Good clean impression, light stain from previous mount in margins, not affecting image.
Framing unmounted
Price £800.00
Stock ID 42681