|Method||Lithograph with original hand colour|
|Artist||Johnston, William & Johnston, Alexander Keith|
|Published||Drawn & Lithog. by W. & A. K. Johnston Edinr. [c.1865]|
|Dimensions||295 x 232 mm|
A fascinating lithographic map of the northern hemisphere, centred on the Arctic circle and showing temperature, winds, ocean currents, and denudation, published by the celebrated Victorian map and atlas makers, William and Alexander Keith Johnston. Cold streams are shown in blue, and regions of desert and low rainfall are shown in pointillism. The directions of major winds and ocean currents are marked with arrows, and the equator is lined in with red. The spaces around the hemisphere are filled with roundels showing various geological processes and their marks, as well as vignettes of Hammerfest in Norway, Beinn Nuis and Loch Ericht in Scotland, and Bren Tor in Devon.
W. & A.K. Johnston was one of the major publishing houses of the 19th century. Founded by William and Alexander Keith (1804-1871) Johnston, they apprenticed under the Scottish publisher and globe maker James Kirkwood in Edinburgh. They later went on to establish their own business in the city, expanding their output into not only maps, but atlases, guide books, globes and educational posters. Alexander's son, also called Alexander Keith Johnston (1844-1879), continued the business, as well as authoring various geographical works of his own. The business continued to publish material under the Johnston name until the 1960s.
Condition: Vertical and horizontal folds, as issued. Lower half of left margin trimmed, as issued, with small tear to top. Minor creasing and time toning to edges of sheet.