|Artist||Porro, Girolamo after Magini, Giovanni Antonio|
|Published||[Giovanni Battista Galignani and Giorgio Galignani, Venice. 1598]|
|Dimensions||125 x 170 mm each|
The tenth and eleventh maps of Asia, from the 1598 Venice printing of Giovanni Antonio Magini's edition of Claudius Ptolemy's Geographia. The recto features a dramatically truncated India, between the Indus and Ganges, as well as the top half of Taprobana (Sri Lanka), and the verso, India extra Gangem (modern day Bangladesh and Burma/Myanmar), both with accompanying Italian text.
Girolamo Porro (c. 1520-1604) was an Italian engraver active in Venice and his native Padua, working predominantly as a map engraver for Tommaso Porcacchi, and Girolamo Ruscelli.
Giovanni Antonio Magini (1555-1615) was an Italian scientist, cartographer, and chair of mathematics at the University of Bologna. A prominent geocentrist, he was a correspondent of many notable contemporaries, including Tycho Brahe, Kepler, and Ortelius. His commentary on Ptolemy's Geographia, with accompanying copper-plate maps by Porro, appeared in Latin in its first edition in 1596, with the first Italian translation by Leonardo Cernoti printed in 1598.
Ptolemy (c. AD 100-170) was a Greek native of the Egyptian city of Alexandria, and a Roman citizen. Little is known about his life, but he is credited as the author of numerous works of mathematics, engineering, astronomy, astrology, philosophy, and geography. His most famous works were the Almagest, the Geography, and the Tetrabiblion, a triad that essentially formed the basis of Byzantine, Arabic, and European science for the next thousand years. The Geography in particular had a very long reach, being reprinted numerous times in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Its most famous advocate was Columbus, who used a manuscript of the Geography to plot his western course for Asia, in the journey that resulted in the discovery of America. The work was also a major inspiration, and cartographic resource, for Munster, Mercator, and Ortelius.
Condition: Worm hole damage to left hand margin of sheet, not affecting printed map. Minor time toning and creasing to sheet. Small dirt stain above title of tenth map.