|Method||Mezzotint with etching|
|Published||London: Printed for Henry Washbourne & Co., 25, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row. 1858|
|Dimensions||Image 143 x 204 mm, Sheet 185 x 270 mm|
Designed & Engraved by J.Martin Esqr. Engraved below image
From Milton's The Paradise Lost.
In 1824, John Martin was contracted by the London publisher Septimus Prowett to produce mezzotint illustrations to John Milton's epic poem Paradise Lost. The project carried significant risk for Prowett was not a noted publisher, nor Martin a seasoned printmaker. Subjects from Milton's great work had also been portrayed by several renowned predecessors such as William Hogarth, William Blake, Richard Westall, and Henry Fuseli who had gone so far as to open a gallery dedicated to Milton in 1799. The series, however, was a critical and commercial triumph, and stands as one of the central achievements of Martin's oeuvre. In emphasising the preternatural vistas of the text, Martin's engravings of Hell, Paradise and Pandemonium infused Milton's verse with a boldness and grandeur previously unrealised.
After Prowett's publication, Martin's engravings were used in a further nine publications by various other publishers. Charles Tilt reissued the smaller set of engravings in 1833, and then again in 1838. By 1849, the plates were owned by Henry Washbourne, who published a further four editions between 1849 and 1858. The majority of the plates appear to have been reworked as early as Tilt's 1833 edition.
John Martin (1789-1854) was an English painter, illustrator and mezzotint engraver. He achieved huge popular acclaim with his historical landscape paintings which featured melodramatic scenes of apocalyptic events taken from the Bible and other mythological sources. Influenced by the work of J.M.W. Turner (1775-1851) as well as Theodore Gericault (1791–1824), Eugene Delacroix (1798–1863) and Paul Delaroche (1797–1856), his paintings are characterised by dramatic lighting and vast architectural settings. Most of his pictures were reproduced in the form of engravings, and book engravings, from which he derived his fortune. Despite his popularity, Martin's work was spurned by the critics, notably John Ruskin, and he was not elected to the Royal Academy. His fame declined rapidly after his death, although three of his best known works of religious art toured Britain and America in the 1870s: The Great Day of his Wrath (1853, Tate, London), The Last Judgment (1853, Tate) and The Plains of Heaven (1851-3, Tate). A great contributor to English landscape painting, Martin was a key influence on Thomas Cole (1801-48), one of the founding members of the Hudson River School.
Condition: Some faint foxing in margins.