Matrona Helvetica. Faemina Helvetica. Virgo Suevica.

Method Copper engraving
Artist Julius Goltzius
Published Caspar Rutz, Mechelen, 1581
Dimensions Image and Plate 230 x 310 mm, Sheet 270 x 350 mm
Notes Plate 22 from 'Habitus variarum orbis gentium; Omnium pene Europae, Asiae, Aphricae atque Americae Gentium Habitus' by Jean Jacques Boissard. The plate shows three women in their countries fashion. The two figures on the left are from Switzerland and the right from Sweden. The one on the far left is wearing a heavy overcoat, with large puff sleeves, a high neck ruff, she also wears a plain tall hat. The central figure is wearing a more ornate dress with a brocaded shawl. She carries a small pouch bag within which a handle protrudes, perhaps from a whistle or a pipe. The figure on the right, from Sweden, is wearing a simple dress, with high puffed shoulders and sleeves, a high neck ruff and a small pouch bag hanging from her hip. Her hair is braided into one long plait, a wreath of laurel leaves sits upon the top of her head and she is cradling her stomach, perhaps indicating pregnancy.

'Habitus variarum orbis gentium; Omnium pene Europae, Asiae, Aphricae atque Americae Gentium Habitus' by Jean Jacques Boissard is a pair of books published in 1581. The first volume 'Habitus variarum orbis gentium' or 'The costumes of the various peoples of the world' consisted of the costumes of nobles, citizens, courtesans, widows, and country people of Venice and other major towns of Italy, Bavaria, Switzerland, and France, several regions of the Ottoman Empire. The second volume 'Omnium pene Europae, Asiae, Aphricae atque Americae Gentium Habitus' or 'Every costume of the peoples of Europe, Asia, Africa and America' shows plates of costumes of people from different nations of western and central Europe, the Ottoman Empire, and the Americas, and the second section, made up of 17 plates with the habits of different religious orders.

Julius Goltzius (c.1560 - c.1595) was a Dutch artist and engraver. The son of Hubrecht Goltzius, himself a painter of history paintings, Goltzius is most known for his engravings of religious subjects. Little is known of Goltzius's life. He married in Antwerp on 27 September 1581 and died about 1595.

Condition: Vertical centre fold as issued, light toning to sheet.
Framing unmounted
Price £180.00
Stock ID 48488

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