|Artist||Pierre Lombart after Anthony van Dyck|
|Published||Londini, auec Priuileige du Roy et ex. parsisis [c. 1662, but 18th century impression]|
|Dimensions||Image 316 x 253 mm, Plate 354 x 264 mm, Sheet 375 x 272 mm|
A portrait of Margaret Russell, seated, with her right arm resting on the shoulders of her young niece Diana Russell standing next to her. Both ladies are wearing voluminous silk dresses, embellished with pearls and gemstones, as well as wearing pearl necklaces and a loose hairdo fastened with a string of pearls or lace in the case of the young Diana.
The portrait is based on a painting by van Dyck's, and was included in Pierre Lombart's most famous work, often called The Countesses. The series contained twelve portraits after Anthony van Dyck, each of which depicted the sitter in three-quarter length. The ten women and two men illustrated in the series were; Anne Carr, Countess of Bedford; Lucy, Countess of Carlisle; Margaret, Countess of Carlisle; Anna Sophia, Countess of Carnarvo; Elizabeth, Countess of Castlehaven; Elizabeth, Countess of Devonshire; Rachel, Countess of Middlesex; Penelope, Lady Herbert; Dorothy Sidney; Countess of Sunderland; Elizabeth, Countess of Morton; Henry Howard, Earl of Arundel; and Philip Herbert, Earl of Pembroke.
Margaret (née Russell), Countess of Carlisle and later of Manchester (1618-1676), was the daughter of the 4th Earl of Bedford. She married James Hay, the 2nd Earl of Carlile in 1632, and several years after his death in 1660, she became the 5th wife of Edward Montagu, the 2nd earl of Machester, who played an important role in the First English Civil War.
Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641) was one of the most prominent Flemish Baroque painters. Born in Antwerp, he was a pupil of Hendrik van Balen, but was soon noticed by Rubens with whom he would work closely during his early career. Van Dyck became a master of the St Luke Guild in 1618, went on to paint in Italy from 1621-1626, and then worked predominantly in England from 1632 onwards, where he was knighted by Charles I. Van Dyck was very prolific, he produced many portraits for members of the European aristocracy, as well as religious and mythological paintings and works on paper.
Pierre Lombart (c. 1612 - 1681) was a French born engraver, working in both France and England. Although being a well recognised engraver in England, relatively little is known about his life. The first trace of Lombart in England is around 1649, and he went on to engrave numerous plates for Ogilby's various publications. Lombart's time in London can roughly be traced through his plates, which were usually inscribed with 'a Londres', and are dated until 1660. By 1663, he had returned to Paris, where he remained for the rest of his life.
O'Donoghue 1; New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 253 (Van Dyck)
Condition: Light surface dirt to edges of sheet