|Artist||Claude Guillaumin [Edouard Guillaumin Pépin]|
|Published||L'Eclipse Journal Hebdomadaire, 22 Novembre 1868.|
|Dimensions||Image 315 x 290 mm, Sheet 480 x 323 mm|
A caricature of a 'Cocodette' or high ranking prostitute mocking Franz Joseph Gall's system and theories on phrenology from L'Eclipse Weekly Journal. The bust portrait shows the Cocodette lost in thought, her finger raised to her lips. Her wavy hair, partly up, is showing the various sections of the young woman's head, including 'religion', 'luxure', 'amour' and 'jaiousie'.
L'Éclipse was a French journal appearing from 1868 to 1876. L'Éclipse was a showcase for illustrators André Gill and Edouard Pepin, in which they drew caricatures of their illustrious contemporaries. Napoleon III disliked the portrait of him drawn by Gill in La Lune journal so much that in December 1867, the journal was censored. "La Lune will have to undergo an eclipse," an authority commented to Editor Francis Polo when the ban was instituted, unwittingly naming Polo's subsequent publication L'Eclipse, which made its first appearance on 9 August 1868. L'Éclipse would itself suffer from twenty-two seizures by the law. It consisted only of one page, due to government restrictions.
Claude Guillaumin (1842 - 1927) otherwise known as Edouard Guillaumin Pépin, was a French artist and caricaturist. He began his career as a caricaturist with magazine La Lune in the 1860s. He later also worked for other satirical magazines, such as L'Éclipse, Le Journal amusant, Le Grelot and La Rue. He made most of the cover illustrations for Le Grelot between 1876 and 1879. He subsequently became a regular artist for the new magazine Le Lampion de Berluron in 1879. Guillaumin became owner and editor of this satirical magazine two years later.
Condition: Journal title and text above and on verso, small tears to top and right sheet edge, small wormhole to left of ear. Framed in black box frame.