|Method||Copper engraving with hand colouring|
|Artist||Johann Jacob Dillenius|
|Published||[Published by Jacobus Sherard. London: G. Smith for the author, 1732]|
|Dimensions||Image and plate 328 x 200 mm, Sheet 455 x 280 mm|
Plate 136 from Johann Jacob Dillenius's 'Hortus Elthamensis'.
'Hortus Elthamensis' published in 1732 was a book written and illustrated by botanist Johann Jacob Dillenius which describes plants cultivated by the wealthy apothecary James Sherard. For this work Dillenius himself engraved the plates. It was described by Linnaeus as "a botanical work of which the world has not seen one more authoritative". Further, Linnaeus would later name a genus of tropical tree 'Dillenia' in his honor. This was the most important 18th-century work to deal with plants in a private garden.
Johann Jacob Dillen Dillenius (1684–1747) was a German botanist. Born in Darmstadt, Dillenius moved to England in 1721. In 1734 Dillenius was appointed Sherardian professor of botany at Oxford, in accordance with the will of the botanist William Sherard, who at his death in 1728 left the university £3000 for the endowment of the chair, as well as his library and herbarium, all on the condition that Dillenius should be appointed the first professor.
Condition: Some foxing and toning to sheet.