|Method||Copper engraving and etching|
|Published||Design'd, Etch'd & Publish'd, as the Act directs, by Wm: Hogarth, March 20th. 1754. [J & J Boydell c.1795]|
|Dimensions||Image 216 x 190 mm, Plate 226 x 192 mm, Sheet 340 x 475 mm|
A vignette of various symbols of Royal appointment, the Crown above bestowing its authority on all below. The plate was originally used as a subscription ticket for Hogarth's 'Election' prints. Under the rays of the Royal Crown, set upon a pyramid, is an altar bearing the coronets of a baron, a viscount, an earl, a duke, and the Prince of Wales, as well as the Seal of the Chancellor, a Speaker's hat, the fur cap of the Marshal of London, and a freedman's cap. On the front of the altar is a lengthy inscription in two columns, celebrating the passing of the Act of Parliament commonly referred to as 'Hogarth's Act.' The base of the altar features another inscription, this time the receipt for subscribing: 'Recd. of 15s being the first Payment for three Prints, representing the Polling for Members of Parliament, Canvassing for Votes, & Chairing ye Members; Which I Promise to deliver when finished, on ye Payment of 16s. & 6d. more. N.B. The Price will be rais'd when the Subscription is over.'
William Hogarth (1697 - 1764) was born in London, the son of an unsuccessful schoolmaster and writer from Westmoreland. After apprenticeship to a goldsmith, he began to produce his own engraved designs in about 1710. He later took up oil painting, starting with small portrait groups called conversation pieces. He went on to create a series of paintings satirising contemporary customs, but based on earlier Italian prints, of which the first was The Harlot's Progress (1731), and perhaps the most famous The Rake's Progress. His engravings were so plagiarised that he lobbied for the Copyright Act of 1735, commonly referred to as 'Hogarth's Act,' as a protection for writers and artists. During the 1730s Hogarth also developed into an original painter of life-sized portraits, and created the first of several history paintings in the grand manner.
Paulson 197 iv/iv
Condition: Minor surface dirt to sheet.