|Published||[Henricus Wetstenius, Amsterdam, 1686]|
|Dimensions||120 x 125 mm|
A miniature map of the British Isles during the Roman period, originally engraved for the 1659 Elzevir pocket edition of Cluver's Introductio in universam geographiam. The map, finely engraved despite its small size, is essentially a reduction of Ortelius' map of the same title from the Parergon. England and Wales are labelled as Britannia Superior, and further divided into the later Roman provinces of Prima (the South), Secunda (Wales), Flavia Caesariensis (the Midlands), and Maxima Caesariensis (the North). Scotland is labelled using both its early and later Roman titles, as Britannia Inferior and the province of Valentia. Hibernia (Ireland), the Orcades, and the Hebrides are also labelled. Principal cities and towns are picked out in red, as are the two Roman era walls built by Hadrian and Antoninus Pius, here labelled as Severan. Original Celtic tribal regions are also labelled, as well as the site that Caesar allegedly landed in his invasion of 55 BC.
Philipp Cluver (1580-1622) was born in Danzig and after studying at Leyden and Oxford, he became interested in modern and historical geography. His subsequent publications made a wide and influential contribution to knowledge of the subject. Philip Cluver's "Introductio" was a popular geography book, first published in 1624 without maps. There were many editions throughout the 17th and 18th centuries with maps from several sets of plates.
Condition: Vertical folds, as issued. Strong clean impression. Blank on verso.