|Method||Copper engraved with hand colour|
|Artist||after Cluver, Philipp|
|Published||[In the Savoy, Printed by John Nutt, and Sold by Benjamin Barker and Charles King in Westminster-Hall. MDCCXI]|
|Dimensions||230 x 180 mm|
An unusual, but visually impressive, chart of the winds, originally engraved for Philip Cluver's 'Introductio in universam geographiam...', but here from the 1711 printing of Moll's Atlas Geographicus. The chart is composed of concentric rings, with the names of the winds recorded on points radiating from each ring. The outer ring records the thirty two winds in use by 'modern Sailers,' while the various inner rings record the different divisions of the classical authors Vitruvius, Pliny, and Aristotle, as well as the Greek astronomer Andronicus of Cyrrhus, who designed the Tower of the Winds in the Roman Agora in Athens. Two smaller diagrams below the compass show the division of the globe into climatic zones and the winds in relation to the Equator and Tropics. The design for the chart is attributed in the title along the top of the plate to Phillippe Briet (1601-1668), a French Jesuit scholar and geographer.
Philipp Cluver (1580-1622) was born in Danzig and after studying at Leyden and Oxford, he became interested in modern and historical geography. His subsequent publications made a wide and influential contribution to knowledge of the subject. Philip Cluver's "Introductio" was a popular geography book, first published in 1624 without maps. There were many editions throughout the 17th and 18th centuries with maps from several sets of plates.
Herman Moll (c.1654-1732) was born in Germany and came to England in the 1670s. He worked as an independent cartographer and geographer, and traded as a map publisher and seller for two years, and then worked for other publishers. Moll established his own business and eventually dominated the early eighteenth century map trade. He produced many maps and atlases of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. His county maps were all boldly engraved in a heavy style. Moll was also an active member in academic and intellectual circles, being a close associate of Daniel Defoe, Robert Boyle, Robert Hooke, and, most importantly for his cartographic career, the pre-eminent English explorer of the era, William Dampier.
Condition: Vertical and horizontal folds, as issued. Trimmed within plate at bottom half of right margin, as issued, now reinstated.