|Method||Copper engraved with hand colour|
|Published||[Printed by Edward Cave, London, 1750]|
|Dimensions||220 x 270 mm|
A hand coloured example of the famous 'Porcupine Map' of Nova Scotia, issued in 'The Gentleman's Magazine: and Historical Chronicle' in 1750, only a year after the founding of Halifax. The newly established settlement is picked out in red at centre, and the map also includes the nearby Cornwallis (now McNabs) Island, George's Island, Chebucto (now Halifax) Harbour, and Bedford Basin. The bottom left corner of the map features the ensign of Nova Scotia as well as the arms of six notable families. The map is most famous, however, for the large illustration of a porcupine in the bottom right corner. In addition to the porcupine are three other biological vignettes, of the Orange Underwing Tiger moth, the White Admiral butterfly (here called the 'White Admirable'), and the Musk beetle. The map's author is unknown, though traditionally it has been attributed to Jeffreys, who published a similar plan in the same year, or to Moses Harris, the British surveyor and naturalist. Of the two, the latter attribution is probably the more likely, owing to the fact that Harris lived in Halifax, carried out a survey of Chebucto Harbour, and had a strong interest in the study of insects. Harris' case is further strengthened by the inclusion of the initials 'MH' in miniature on the south-western coast of Bedford Basin.
Condition: Vertical and horizontal folds as issued. Minor creasing and splitting to folds. Large printers crease to bottom left of plate. Remargined along left side of sheet, with minor manuscript repairs to border of map.