|Method||Copper engraved with hand colour|
|Published||J. Gibson Sculp. [London, c.1765]|
|Dimensions||194 x 286 mm|
A detailed eighteenth century map of Scandinavia, engraved by John Gibson for Sieur Robert de Vaugondy's 'Geographical Dictionary.' The constituent nations of the region are outlined in hand colour, with Finland included as part of the Kingdom of Sweden. The northern coast of Russia beyond modern Arkhangelsk is unmapped. In the top left corner, an inset boxed map of Iceland is included. The title is enclosed in a baroque border in the bottom left corner.
John Gibson was an English cartographer and engraver active between 1750 and 1792. Recognised as an important figure in late eighteenth-century British cartography, Gibson was a skilled engraver. A contemporary of Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, he produced thousands of maps, despite spending most of his life in prison because of debts. Gibson is best-known for the pocket atlas, Atlas Minimus (1858). He also published work in The Gentleman's Magazine, The Universal Magazine, The Universal Museum and The Universal Traveller.
Gilles Robert de Vaugondy (1688-1766) and his son Didier (1723-1786) were French cartographers, publishers, and globe-makers, responsible for the publication of the Atlas Universel (1757), one of the most significant cartographical achievements of the 18th century. The de Vaugondy family were descendants of the cartographer Nicholas Sanson d'Abbeville, and inherited many of his plates. These were reissued with updated astronomical observations and corrected longitudinal and latitudinal information in the Atlas Universel. Didier continued reissuing the Atlas after his father's death, and was appointed geographer to Louis XV later in life. Gilles often signed his maps simply as Sr. (or Sieur) Robert, whilst Didier usually used 'Robert de Vaugondy' as his signature, occassionally adding 'fils' to clearly distinguish himself from his father.
Condition: Excellent, clean impression. Small patches of binder's glue stains and creasing to bottom margin, not affecting map. Blank on verso.