|Published||J. Gibson Sculp. [Printed by Edward Cave, London, 1760]|
|Dimensions||200 x 200 mm|
An attractive mid eighteenth century map of the northern Polar regions, engraved by Gibson for The Gentleman's Magazine: and Historical Chronicle. The map centres on the Arctic Ocean and the North Pole, with the path of a route from Portugal to Japan plotted as two dashed lines. A tiny illustration of a ship can be seen off the Siberian coast, apparently recording the position of a Dutch ship in 1670. Greenland is shown as connected by the Nunavut islands to mainland Canada, enclosing Baffin's Bay. Likewise the Northwest passages are absent, closing Hudson's Bay. A large 'West Sea' is likely an exaggerated Strait of Georgia near modern day Vancouver. Alaska is labelled Presque Isle, 'discovered in 1753,' and the rivers and mountains of Siberia are described as the 'Great Reservoir' that feeds the Arctic Ocean.
John Gibson was an English cartographer and engraver active between 1750 and 1792. Recognised as an important figure in late eighteenth-century British cartography, Gibson was a skilled engraver. A contemporary of Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, he produced thousands of maps, despite spending most of his life in prison because of debts. Gibson is best-known for the pocket atlas, Atlas Minimus (1858). He also published work in The Gentleman's Magazine, The Universal Magazine, The Universal Museum and The Universal Traveller.
Condition: Vertical folds, as issued. Trimmed to plate mark at top, as issued.