|Method||Copper engraved with hand colour|
|Published||London. Printed for Robert Sayer, No 53, Fleet Street, as the Act Directs, 20 September 1775|
|Dimensions||1000 x 1185 mm|
A stunning wall map based on d'Anville's map of South America, including new discoveries by explorers along the coast, printed over two sheets and published by Robert Sayer in 1775. This particular example has been laid to archival linen, but, like other examples published by Sayer and his successors Laurie & Whittle, was likely originally bound into a large scale world atlas, the most common of which were the various printings of Kitchin's General Atlas. The continent is shown in its entirety, from the Caribbean in the North, labelled here as the 'North Sea of the Spaniards,' to the southernmost tip of the Tierra del Fuego and the Falklands. The Galapagos, off the western coast off the continent, are also given the whimsical title of the 'Inchanted Isles,' a direct English translation of their former Spanish name, Las Encantadas. Akin to other wall maps published by Sayer, the map follows d'Anville's convention, only including cartographic information that is verified by trusted geographic sources. The map features numerous notes of geographic, ethnographic, and historic interest, and to the left, in the Pacific Ocean, a large boxed text features a description of the 'Division of South America with a Summary Account of its Trade'. At the top right corner, an inset boxed chart shows the Falkland Islands, 'named by the French Malouine Islands, and discovered by Hawkins in the year 1595'. The map is outlined in hand colour, and features a large baroque title cartouche assembled from floral and faunal emblems of the continent in the bottom right corner.
Thomas Kitchin (1718-1784) was one of the best and most prolific engravers of the eighteenth-century. Born in Southwark, he was an apprentice of Emanuel Bowen in 1732. Based in Clerkenwell and later Holborn Hill, Kitchin worked as royal hydrographer to the king from 1773. He married Sarah Bowen, daughter of Emanuel, in 1739, and then Jane, daughter of Joseph Burroughs, in 1762. He is best known for The World From the Best Authorities published in Guthrie's New Geographical Grammar (1777), The Small English Atlas (1749) with Thomas Jefferys, and The Large English Atlas (1749 - 60) with Emanuel Bowen.
Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville (11th July 1697 - 28th January 1782) was a French cartographer, geographer, and antiquarian, whose rigourous standards of geographic reference revolutionised map making during the latter half of the eighteenth century. Rather than rely on the authority of earlier cartographers in the creation of his maps, d'Anville insisted on verifiable evidence. The resulting maps looked vastly different from the work of his predecessors. Ornamentation was stripped back, and dubious locations were simply left blank. In 1754 he became a member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres, and in 1775 was appointed first geographer to King Louis XVI.
Robert Sayer (1725-1794) was a prolific English print and map seller, publisher, and engraver. Through his brother's wife, he became the manager of the printing house of John Overton, gradually taking over the business, with a concentration on atlases, maritime charts, cartography, and accounts of travel, exploration, and navigation. Sayer is also remembered for his engravings after paintings by Johan Zoffany, and the pair grew to be lifelong friends. Sayer was succeeded on his death by Laurie and Whittle.
Condition: Printed on two sheets and laid to archival linen. Vertical folds as issued. Small repaired puncture and crease to bottom left of sheet. Minor creasing to surface of map. Otherwise an excellent clean impression.